The most common form of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP), autoimmune PAP, is related to a breakdown of immune control with high levels of antibodies that inactivates a protein called Granulocyte Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF). GM-CSF is required for the normal function of certain immune cells called macrophages that are important in the defence against infections . This is why you are at higher risk of lung infections and other infections, when diagnosed with autoimmune PAP. The infections may be caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi.
There is a simple and effective way of reducing the risk of developing infections without you having to live a bubble.
Wash your hands.
Regular hand-washing is one of the most important things you can do to reduce your risk of infection. Wash your hands thoroughly and often, especially when you are around a lot of people for example, in a hospital or doctor’s office, or at school or work.
Always contact your physician if you experience a severe infection or have other concerns.